a time-travelling option in Street View offers researchers a chance to study the effect of changes in features of houses, streets or neighbourhoods on local crime figures and crime prevention policies. Users can download some of the map information to their device and access it when no data signal is available. Although Street View imagery is intermittently updated and higher-resolution imagery is made available whenever possible, it is unclear how regularly these updates occur. Comparisons of self-reported perceived levels of disorder with data on physical disorder collected through Street View indicate that virtual audits yield reliable data on physical disorder and allow to predict neighborhood differences in victimization. Although no notable technical difficulties were encountered and the Slovenian law enforcement agencies were offered the chance to use the tool internally, the ultimate goal of the project was not achieved. 2013 ; Taylor. 2011 ; Kronkvist 2013 ). This information is available at the bottom of the map rendering in the form of a copyright year.
Research on Google map algorithm and implementation.
Article in Journal of Informa tion and Computational Science 5(3 1191-12 with 336.
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Kindynis ( 2014 ) provides an elaborate and critical discussion of criminologys interest in mapping and cartography. While applications of Google Maps remain relatively limited in the social sciences, Street View has been implemented in a host of studies and has the potential to become a useful tool for quickly collecting large amounts of data on the built and social environment (Sampson. Fifth, an interesting future development of environmental criminological research that is rooted in the availability of web mapping technologies is identified, and finally several suggestions for further reading are provided. In addition, the requirement to take a photograph of the proposed target made participants predominantly look for targets citing short stories in an essay near their starting point (Van Daele. Similarly, a Canadian study of the effects of physical and social features on burglary victimization used Street View to virtually assess design features of houses (Apps 2012 ). ( 2011 ) created cctv camera viewsheds by using aerial imagery from Google Maps. Figure 1, example of hybrid map view with typical traffic information. ( 2012 ) therefore argued that it would be logical for burglars to rely on such tools during the planning stage, since it potentially decreases the costs of a burglary by reducing preliminary travel costs and the risks associated with casing a potential target. Second, Van Daele. Systematic social observation of physical disorder in inner-city urban neighborhoods through Google Street View: The correlation between virtually observed physical disorder, self-reported disorder and victimization of property crimes.